Man Ray

Man Ray (born Emmanuel Radnitzky; 1890 – 1976) was an American visual artist who spent most of his career in Paris. He was a significant contributor to the Dada and Surrealist movements, although his ties to each were informal.

Along with Duchamp and Francis Picabia, Ray became a leading figure in the Dada movement in New York. Man Ray became famous for his portraits of his artistic and literary associates. He also developed a thriving career as a fashion photographer, taking pictures for such magazines as Vogue.

In 1974, Man Ray received the Royal Photographic Society's Progress Medal and Honorary Fellowship "in recognition of any invention, research, publication or other contribution which has resulted in an important advance in the scientific or technological development of photography or imaging in the widest sense."[27] In 1999, ARTnews magazine named Man Ray one of the 25 most influential artists of the 20th century. The publication cited his groundbreaking photography, "his explorations of film, painting, sculpture, collageassemblage and prototypes of what would eventually be called performance art and conceptual art." ARTnewsfurther stated that "Man Ray offered artists in all media an example of a creative intelligence that, in its 'pursuit of pleasure and liberty', unlocked every door it came to and walked freely where it would." Seeking pleasure and liberty was one of Ray's guiding principles, along with others such as doing things that are socially prohibited.

 

Selected publications:

  • Man Ray and Tristan Tzara (1922). Champs délicieux: album de photographies. Paris: [Société générale d'imprimerie et d'édition].

  • Man Ray (1926). Revolving doors, 1916–1917: 10 planches. Paris: Éditions Surrealistes.

  • Man Ray (1934). Man Ray: photographs, 1920–1934, Paris. Hartford, Connecticut: James Thrall Soby.

  • Éluard, Paul, and Man Ray (1935). Facile. Paris: Éditions G.L.M.

  • Man Ray and André Breton (1937). La photographie n'est pas l'art. Paris: Éditions G.L.M.

  • Man Ray and Paul Éluard (1937). Les mains libres: dessins. Paris: Éditions Jeanne Bucher.

  • Man Ray (1948). Alphabet for adults. Beverly Hills, California: Copley Galleries.

  • Man Ray (1963). Self portrait. London: Andre Deutsch.

  • Man Ray and L. Fritz Gruber (1963). Portraits. Gütersloh, Germany: Sigbert Mohn Verlag.

 

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